Orthodontic (Braces)

What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a specialty within dentistry that focuses on aligning the teeth and jaws to improve a person's smile and oral health. Orthodontists use braces, clear aligners, and other dental devices to correct irregularities in teeth positioning and jaw alignment, enhancing both functionality and aesthetics of the mouth.

What makes me a candidate for orthodontics?

Candidates for orthodontic treatment include children, teens, and adults with dental issues such as crowding, overbites, underbites, incorrect jaw positioning, or other anomalies that affect their bite and oral health. Orthodontics can not only improve the appearance of the teeth but also their functionality, making it easier to chew, speak, and maintain oral hygiene.

What is the process behind orthodontics?

The orthodontic treatment process begins with an initial consultation, during which the orthodontist conducts a thorough examination, takes dental x-rays, and makes impressions of the teeth. Based on this information, a detailed treatment plan is created, which may involve the use of fixed braces or other corrective appliances. Treatment duration varies, typically ranging from one to three years, depending on the complexity of the alignment issues. Regular follow-up visits are required to adjust the orthodontic device and monitor progress.


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Frequently Asked Questions

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What exactly does orthodontic treatment involve?

Orthodontic treatment involves correcting misaligned teeth and jaws to improve oral function and aesthetics. This can include the use of braces, clear aligners, retainers, and other dental devices to move teeth into the right position. The goal is to improve the bite and make it easier to chew, speak, and maintain good oral hygiene.

Is there a best age to start orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontic treatment can be effective at any age, but there is an optimal time period to begin treatment. The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that children have their first orthodontic consultation by the age of 7. This allows the orthodontist to detect and evaluate problems and plan the best time for treatment, although actual treatment may not start until years later. Adults can also undergo orthodontic treatment, and advances in technology have made it more appealing and less noticeable than ever.

How long will I need to wear braces or aligners?

The duration of orthodontic treatment varies depending on the individual's age, the complexity of the alignment issues, and the specific treatment plan. On average, braces or aligners may need to be worn for about 1 to 3 years. After initial treatment, retainers are usually worn to keep teeth in their new positions, and their use may be lifelong, at least nightly or a few times a week.

What special care do I need to take of my braces or aligners?

For braces, it’s important to avoid sticky, hard, and chewy foods that can damage the braces. Brushing and flossing become more important as food can easily get trapped in the brackets and wires, leading to plaque buildup and potential tooth decay. For aligners, they should be removed when eating or drinking anything other than water and cleaned regularly to prevent staining and buildup of harmful bacteria.

What should I do to prepare for starting orthodontic treatment?

To prepare for orthodontic treatment, ensure your dental health is in good condition. This may involve having a professional cleaning, addressing any existing dental issues like cavities or gum disease, and obtaining a full evaluation from your orthodontist. Discuss all your treatment options, understand the treatment plan, and get familiar with the care and maintenance routines for your chosen orthodontic device. Also, plan for the financial aspect of treatment and consider scheduling implications due to regular orthodontic visits.

What can I do to manage discomfort during orthodontic treatment?

Some discomfort is normal when braces are first placed and after routine adjustments. This can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or paracetamol. For irritation caused by brackets and wires, orthodontic wax can be applied to ease discomfort. It's also helpful to eat soft foods and use cold compresses or ice water to soothe sore areas in the mouth. Communicating with your orthodontist about persistent pain is important as they may need to make adjustments to your treatment.


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