Gum Diseases

Periodontal (gum diseases), including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. The word periodontal literally means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bones supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become inflamed.


– Gingivitis –

Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care.



Gingival Graft: Placement of implants requires sufficient bone volume and biologic quality. This is due to the macro design of the implant, which demands certain dimensional properties for long-term success. Other factors which make bone grafting necessary are: • The resorption of the edentulous ridge post extraction • Presence of bony defects due to trauma or infection • The need to place implants in strategic sites for functional and esthetic success. In esthetic areas, soft tissue requires a bony base since “soft tissue follows hard tissue.



Patients with insufficient natural, healthy bone to support dental implants could be ideal candidates for bone augmentation, which is the process of rebuilding the bone. The goal is to provide a sound structure where implants can be placed and secured in the alveolar bone structure.



For patients with cosmetic imperfections involving the gums, Dr. Hadi Akl performs recontouring to create a more natural smile line. By recontouring the gums, Dr. Hadi is capable of correcting a smile that shows too much gums or uneven gums. This procedure is often used in conjunction with crowns or veneers, but, in many cases, can be done alone. The cosmetic effects of gum recontouring or straightening uneven gums can be dramatic…